The essay is a very important type of writing within non-fiction writings. Characterized by a free style of writing, writers have chosen this modality to express infinity of ideas, thoughts, emotions, etc.
It is difficult to establish a precise division of the types of trials.
There is no fixed number in this regard. There will be those who wish to write an essay in a personal, intimate and poetic tone.
Others may be interested in putting together a whole system of ideas to demonstrate or defend a particular position. The first one will write in literary-poetic essay, and the second will write in an argumentative or scientific essay.
Below is a classification that obeys the theme, approach and the usual style of writing used by the essayists.
An expository essay is one that presents the author’s ideas on a particular subject.
It analyzes the same in factual form and at the same time the editor contributes with his own vision.
That is, he interprets it, and then expounds his ideas. It could be said that it is a more worked opinion of the writer on a particular subject.
The author Alvaro Dias, in his book The Written Argument states that “In the expository essay something is explained, its author intends to help the reader who had in mind to better understand something that the common people have not fully understood”
It is possible to confuse this type of essay with a monograph. Since both are investigated on a specific subject, with all the rigors and formalism necessary for scientific research (bibliography, quotes).
This same confusion can occur with the argumentative essay, since in scientific essays it is also argued to prove a thesis.
What characterizes this subtype of essays is that, although it is a study or investigative analysis on the subject in question, also the author’s personal vision about the subject in question is very important.
That is the characteristic of every essay.
The author’s position on the topic he is writing must be clearly noted.
That would be an aspect that differentiates it from the monograph, in which the writer’s personal analysis is not captured.
It could be said that scientific essays are characterized by their objective formal aspect, but also by their subjective side in which the thought of the author of the essay is glimpsed.
In them, the intention of the author is to develop a series of ideas to demonstrate his thesis on the topic that he has chosen for his essay.
For example, Antonio writes an essay about spelling in the new digital age with the intention of demonstrating that digital media have contributed, in part, to impoverishing the spelling of Internet users. Antonio must clearly explain his argument. Give concrete examples, back with evidence to convince your readers of the central thesis of your essay.
It will often be difficult to note the difference between a scientific essay and an argumentative essay. The first relates to a wider type of trial.
The argumentative is rather a particular character that is present most of the essays.
For example, the author, in the midst of his literary essay, can develop an argument and demonstrate a thesis or position.
Sample argumentative essay.
Extract from The Rebellion of the Masses, by Jose Ortega y Gusset.
Literary or poetic essay.
Although it is called as a poetic essay, that does not mean that they talk about poetry.
That is, an essay is not considered literary in relation to its subject, the important thing is the style of the author in its writing.
That is, the use of a language for aesthetic purposes is preferred. The author tries to expose in a very intimate way his ideas or feelings.
The literary essay is characterized by its subjectivity.