It all started in 2000, when Jorge Castaneda, political agent in the immigration issue of the candidate Vicente Fox, used the consulting services of his brother Andres Wiesenthal (Wiesenthal and Associates) and Thomas McCarty (Kissinger, McCarty and Associates) to analyze the relationships USA – Mexico, a project was carried out where an integral proposal could be developed, composed of the main interests of both countries, such as border security, immigration regularization, commercial equity, operations against illegal immigrants, among others.
In February 2001, two newly inaugurated presidents, George W. Bush and Mexican counterpart Vicente Fox met in Guantanamo, Mexico, who agreed to work together to solve the problem. The meeting led to the creation of the High Level Working Group on Migration, composed of the US Attorney General, Secretaries of State and Labor and their counterparts in Mexico, with the purpose of curbing the illegal flow of labor through border. On September 7, 2001, after a three-day meeting in Washington, Bush and Fox “renewed their commitment to forging new and realistic approaches to making migration secure, orderly, legal and dignified.” They supported an immigration policy that includes “making the willing workers coincide with the willing companies, serving the social and economic needs of both countries, respecting the human dignity of all immigrants, regardless of their status, recognizing the contribution immigrants make To the enrichment of both societies, and to share responsibility for migration through safe and legal channels. ”
However, the real boost to the immigration agenda would be reached by the Mexican president in 2001 during his visit to Washington. Before Congress and before President Bush, Fox rethought the immigration issue as his priority, said that taking into account the income that migrants generate to the development of both countries, it is necessary to reach an agreement to mutual interests and benefits. It also requested more flexible migration policies, emphasizing the need. Fox’s visit had great achievements, such as that Bush acknowledged the existence of a relationship with partners and neighbors Mexico, so Fox received the first hits, prompting Bush to commit to the conclusion of an immigration agreement before the end of Year and intensifying the debate on migration, both in US politics and in public opinion and social sectors most concerned about the issue.
Since the beginning of his term, talks had begun in the United States to achieve immigration reform, but the terrorist attacks of September 11 froze any possibility of reaching an agreement. Throughout his six-year term, Vicente Fox sought a US immigration reform that never materialized, owing to the opposition of various groups in the congress and the US Senate. Under this reform there should be controlled migration through a temporary worker scheme and illegal migrants older than 5 years in the US should be legalized.
REGISTERED IMMIGRANT DATA IN THE UNITED STATES
Total undocumented registered in the United States (March 2006): 11.5 to 12 million.
Total undocumented migrants in the United States (2006): 11 million, of whom about 6.2 million are Mexicans.
Total undocumented workers employed in the United States (March 2005): Approximately 7.2 million (estimated at that time there were a total of 11.1 million undocumented workers in the United States, including children and dependents of undocumented workers). The 7.2 million represent 4.9% of the civilian labor force. The total labor force at that time was about 148 million workers.
Percent of undocumented workers in the United States by job category compared to other workers (March 2005):
Agricultural Jobs: 24%
Insulation installation: 36%.
Installation of ceilings and walls: 29%
Butchers and other food processing: 27%.
Percent of undocumented by country of origin: Of the total in 2005, 56% were from Mexico, 22% from the rest of Latin America (especially Central America). South and East Asia are also important contributors to the undocumented population.
Family characteristics of undocumented immigrants in the United States (2005):
Male adults: 5.4 million (49% of the population)
Female adults: 3.9 million (35% of the population)
Children: 1.8 million (16% of the total).
Total families in the United States (direct family) who have an undocumented parent (s) and / or spouse (March 2005): 6.6 million families.
US immigration laws are facing reality, and reality is winning. Today, about eight million or more people live in the United States without legal documents, and each year the number grows by about 250,000. More than half of these immigrants, both new and established, come from Mexico.